Interview with Diána Vonnák about the European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative

The ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative is a German-based non-profit organization with the core objective of protecting and preserving Jewish cemetery sites across the European continent. With the financial support of the European Commission, the ESJF started in December 2018 a full mapping process of 1,500 Jewish burial sites across five European countries. Diána Vonnák, Head Officer of Communication and Media (and a trained social anthropologist) at ESJF European Jewish Cemeteries, answered some questions for Against Antisemitism blog about this unique project.

Until its completion in June 2020, the project will carry out extensive research and survey work in five European countries: Greece, Lithuania, Moldova, Slovakia, and Ukraine. Why did you choose those five countries?

We wanted to have a range of countries that are all important for the history of Judaism in Europe, and that encompass the diversity of European Jewish heritage. It has been a great experience to work in Sephardic and Ashkenazi cemeteries and research the differences. Another important angle is the institutional and legal diversity of these countries: the challenges have been really different: Lithuania had a comprehensive list of cemeteries, but these weren’t surveyed with the accuracy of our drone surveys, while for instance Ukraine and Moldova had no comprehensive data. In these cases it is crucial to verify the existence of cemeteries, visit any site where there’s a chance to find one: we visited 132 places in Moldova and were able to survey 70 cemeteries, but there were places nobody documented before. This work is less spectacular but it is incredibly important if we want to have a proper overview of European Jewish cemeteries. In some places, like in Slovakia, the Jewish community owns these sites, but elsewhere, as in Greece, ownership varies from site to site. By the end of this survey we will have a solid grasp of the main challenges and a greater understanding of the situations in our project countries.

In order to map burial sites, your team is using unmanned aerial vehicles commonly known as drones. How do drones facilitate your work? 

Drone technology allows us to take high resolution aerial images which has individual GPS coordinates of every image (geotag). Later we are processing those images to create a point cloud from which we can make a preliminary terrain analysis such as topography of the site. This gives us very precise information about each and every site, which serves a dual purpose: it documents the condition of every cemetery, and it is the basis of any future protective measure like fencing. We are using point cloud to create a 3D model of sites that makes it easy, cost effective and fast to plan fencing. In short, UAV made our work more faster and accurate. 

Your team travelled in Greece between 26 March and 14 April 2019, visiting 48 places and mapping 45 sites altogether. What have been the challenges and particularities of mapping Jewish cemeteries in Greece?

The geography of Greece was a challenge for our survey team: places can be remote, you have to fly, take a ferry to reach smaller islands. This is something we did not experience in other places. Greece is really divided: most sites are either demolished, or when they survive, they tend to be fenced and cared for. We classify cemeteries according to the urgency of the need for fencing and we found only three sites that would require urgent action: Argostoli and the old and new cemetery in Didymotheicho. 

Drone image of Athens 3rd Jewish cemetery, an example of a well-preserved and maintained Jewish cemetery. Photo courtesy of ESJF.
Drone image of Athens 3rd Jewish cemetery, an example of a well-preserved and maintained Jewish cemetery. Photo courtesy of ESJF.
Drone image of the old Jewish Cemetery of Didymoteicho. Both the old and new cemeteries of Didymoteicho are partially fenced, but the fence is in such a dilapidated condition that they are in urgent need of re-fencing. Courtesy of ESJF.
Drone image of the Old Jewish Cemetery of Didymoteicho. Both the old and new cemeteries of Didymoteicho are partially fenced, but the fence is in such a dilapidated condition that they are in urgent need of re-fencing. Courtesy of ESJF.

The city of Ioannina once was the center of Romaniote Jewish life. It is not well known that the Zosimaia Lyceum and a school yard are standing today on the site of the old Jewish Cemetery. How did you survey a burial site that doesn’t exist anymore?

We use old maps and historic information to establish the boundary of cemeteries. In case they are built over, as in Ioannina, Heraklion or Corfu, we still gather photographic evidence, but there is not much we can do. In Greece, this has been a sadly common situation: 43% of the sites we surveyed were demolished and overbuilt. In Thessaloniki, for instance, a university campus was built on a really old cemetery that dates back to the late 15th century. We encountered similar cases elsewhere too, e.g. in Ukraine. In these cases, memorialisation is especially important, as this remains our only chance to save these sites from oblivion. Education, awareness raising is crucial in these contexts and it takes the place of using cemeteries themselves as testimonies of a shared history, which is what ESJF would do otherwise.

The old Jewish cemetery of Ioannina was demolished and has been built over. Today, the Zosimaia Lyceum and a school yard are standing on the site. Both photos courtesy of ESJF.
The Old Jewish cemetery of Ioannina was demolished and has been built over. Today, the Zosimaia Lyceum and a school yard are standing on the site. Both photos courtesy of ESJF.

Your team also surveyed other Jewish cemeteries in the region of Epirus which are less known than the cemetery in Ioannina: Paramythia, Arta and Preveza. Which are the challenges that you faced?

Arta, Paramythia and Preveza are all demolished sites, so our work was chiefly about documentation. Arta has a sign at the former Jewish neighbourhood, and a memorial. Preveza has residential and commercial buildings over it, Paramythia is now covered by a highway and a bus stop. In these cases it is often difficult to establish the boundary accurately, that can be a huge challenge. If we step away from the challenges of survey itself, the biggest difficulty lies in keeping the memory of something invisible alive. A comprehensive database like ours helps to grasp the sheer scale of destruction, and hopefully to work against it,  to address this loss.

The Jewish Cemetery of Preveza has now residential and commercial buildings over it. Drone photo courtesy of ESJF.
The Jewish Cemetery of Preveza has now residential and commercial buildings over it. Drone photo courtesy of ESJF.

According to a recent study commissioned by the Heinrich Böll Stiftung Greece, the incidents of antisemitic rhetoric and the recorded attacks against Jewish cemeteries, monuments and synagogues in Greece are disproportionately high although the numbers of Greeks of Jewish religion are, according to the Greek Census, very low (5000, i.e. 0.05% of the Greek population). How do you think that the European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative can contribute to a better protection of Greek Jewish cemeteries?

ESJF believes in the importance of the engagement of communities, local authorities and the broader public in general. We always try to work with mayors, reach out to schools. We do not carry out advocacy work per se, but we believe in the power of restoring knowledge and awareness about heritage sites. Jewish heritage is part of our shared, European heritage and often, especially in the absence of a local Jewish community, gentile communities are important guardians of these sites. Our surveyors experience quite some interest from locals: people ask questions, want to know more. Building an open-access database, carrying out educational projects and engaging local leaders are the first steps to work against atrocities.

Some weeks ago, Moses Elisaf, the head of the tiny Jewish community in Ioannina and a distinguished professor of pathology, was elected the country’s first-ever Jewish mayor. What do you think about Elisaf’s victory?

Of course we welcome a political climate where the Jewishness of a candidate is not an obstacle for their success. However, the sheer emphasis that his Jewish origins receive points to the fact that Greek Jewish life hasn’t been “normalized” post-Holocaust in a way that one may hope. There is still an “us” vs. “them” logic in marking Elisaf as a Jewish mayor. We had an amazing experience with many mayors in various countries, and have seen the dramatic difference their policies can make in the fate of Jewish heritage sites. We welcome any mayor, Jewish or not, who is happy to undertake the responsibility of tending to the local Jewish heritage, engaging their entire community. ESJF’s work, through education and awareness, aims at showing that Jewish heritage is not something separate that concerns only those who identify as Jewish. Instead, it’s a common heritage. Greek Jewish history is also relevant and important for non-Jewish Greeks (and beyond that for Europe in general). We hope that ESJF’s work can be a help in normalizing and integrating Jewish presence, Jewish identity and Jewish heritage in Europe.

The new Jewish Cemetery of Ioannina.  A number of gravestones have been moved from the old demolished cemetery. Courtesy of ESJF.
The New Jewish Cemetery of Ioannina. A number of gravestones have been moved from the old demolished cemetery. Courtesy of ESJF.

The ESJF provides free access to its database of Greek cemetery sites: https://www.esjf-surveys.org/surveys-in-greece/

Through the lens of Nissim Levis

ΙΝVITATION-eng-Nissim-Levis

Press Release

The Jewish Museum of Greece would like to invite you to the opening of its periodic exhibition “Through the lens of Nissim Levis: a family, an era”, which will take place on Monday, January 22, 2018.

The exhibition will be realised within the framework of a three-year programme of the JMG with the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Athens, which continuously, consistently and successfully supports the Museum’s work.

The exhibition focuses on Dr. Nissim Levis’ artistic photography, which covers the time period from the last years of the Ottoman rule (1898 – 1913) and the following years of upheaval and change, until 1930. It allows the visitor a glimpse into the life of a prominent family, within a community belonging to the beautiful northern Greek town of Ioannina, just moments before the War ravaged it and changed the fabric of its society forever, through the murder of the great majority of its Jewish inhabitants.

Read more

More information about Nissim Levis (in Greek)

El Maleh Rachamim prayer in Holocaust Memorial ceremony in Ioannina, Greece (2014)

Cantor Haim Ischakis performs El Maleh Rachamim at the Kahal Kadosh Yashan Synagogue in Ioannina, Greece. The video was recorded on Sunday, March 30, 2014 during the Holocaust Memorial Ceremony for the remembrance of the 70 years since the Nazi deportations of Greek Jews. More than 500 people from all over the world, including foreign Diplomats and local dignitaries, attended this moving ceremony organized by the IHRA (International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance) and the historical Romaniote local Jewish Community.

Articles about the ceremony:

Greece’s Romaniote Jews remember a catastrophe and grapple with disappearing (JTA)

Greece’s Last Romaniote Jews Remember a Catastrophe (JTA)

Greece: Holocaust memorial vandalized in Arta

A few days after the municipality of Arta hosted a ceremony in remembrance of its old Jewish Community, unknown vandals desecrated with paint and the inscription “Yolo” the monument to the Holocaust victims in Arta. The monument is located in front of the Byzantine castle.

The Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece (KIS) on Thursday condemned the antisemitic attack in Arta. An English version of the KIS statement is available here.

The Romaniote Jewish Community of Arta was one of the oldest in Greece. Just before WW II, Arta had about 500 Jews, of whom only 352 lived in the town when the Germans rounded up the members of the community and deported them to the extermination camps. Only 30 survived to return to the town, together with 28 more who had fled and hid in the surrounding villages. (more)

ARTA MNHMEIO(1)

The Arta Holocaust memorial. Source: kis.gr

The Jewish Community of Ioannina in the spotlight: Two exhibitions in Athens

afissa_exhibition_eliya_2016

 

“The Jewish Community of Ioannina – The Memory of Artefacts” 
This exhibition highlights historical aspects regarding the daily life of the old Romaniote Community of Ioannina, combining the information with photographic material and authentic objects from the J.M.G. collections, which are presented to the public for the first time, but also with unique artefacts kindly loaned by private individuals.

Joseph Eligia, the Poet of the Lake
This interactive exhibition offers visitors the opportunity to become acquainted with the era, the life and the work of the great scholar and poet from Ioannina, and encourages them to develop a reciprocal dialogue with him, based on the poems and the translations of the holy texts, which he bequeathed us.

The aim of the periodic exhibitions and the related cultural activities is to present the public with elements from the life and traditions of one of the smaller, but yet oldest Jewish communities in Greece, and also to explore its individual and collective contribution to the enrichment of the local urban and social transformations.

The exhibitions are accompanied by a bilingual catalogue, as well as educational programmes specially designed for students.

The exhibitions will be hosted by the Jewish Museum of Greece from January 23 until September 25, 2017.

Inauguration: Monday, January 23, 2017 at 19:00. Open House: 18:00 – 21:00

More information here.

«Η Εβραϊκή Κοινότητα των Ιωαννίνων – Αντικειμένων Μνήμη»
Αναδεικνύει πτυχές της ιστορίας και της καθημερινής ζωής της παλιάς ρωμανιώτικης κοινότητας των Ιωαννίνων, συνδυάζοντας τις πληροφορίες με φωτογραφικό υλικό και αυθεντικά αντικείμενα από τις συλλογές του Ε.Μ.Ε. που παρουσιάζονται για πρώτη φορά στο ευρύ κοινό, αλλά και με πρωτότυπα κειμήλια υπό ευγενική παραχώρηση ιδιωτών.

«Γιοσέφ Ελιγιά, o Ποιητής της Λίμνης»
Αυτή η διαδραστική έκθεση δίνει στους επισκέπτες την ευκαιρία να γνωρίσουν την εποχή, τη ζωή και το έργο του σπουδαίου γιαννιώτη διανοούμενου και ποιητή και τους ενθαρρύνει να αναπτύξουν μια διαλογική σχέση μαζί του, βασισμένη στα ποιήματα και τις μεταφράσεις των ιερών κειμένων που μας κληροδότησε.

Στόχος των περιοδικών εκθέσεων και των συνδεόμενων πολιτιστικών δράσεων, είναι να παρουσιάσουν στο κοινό στοιχεία από τη ζωή και την παράδοση μιας από τις μικρότερες, αλλά και συνάμα παλαιότερες εβραϊκές κοινότητες του ελλαδικού χώρου, και να διερευνήσουν την ατομική και συλλογική προσφορά της στον εμπλουτισμό των τοπικών αστικών και κοινωνικών μετασχηματισμών.

Τις εκθέσεις συνοδεύει δίγλωσσος κατάλογος, καθώς και ειδικά σχεδιασμένα εκπαιδευτικά προγράμματα για το μαθητικό κοινό.

Οι έκθεσεις θα φιλοξενηθούν στο Εβραϊκό Μουσείο της Ελλάδος από τις 23 Ιανουαρίου έως τις 25 Σεπτεμβρίου 2017.

Εγκαίνια: 23.01.2017, 19.00. Διάρκεια Εκδήλωσης: 18:00 – 21:00.

Περισσότερες πληροφορίες εδώ.

Ioannina Synagogue Vandalized with Swastikas

KIS ANNOUNCEMENT FOR SWASTIKAS GRAFFITI ON THE SYNAGOGUE OF IOANNINA

On September 12, 2016, the exterior of the Synagogue of Ioannina was found by local Jewish Community members desecrated with swastikas graffiti. The authorities were notified. The Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece issued the following announcement:

Vandal racists defaced with swastikas the exterior of the surrounding wall of the historic Synagogue of Ioannina, situated in the old walled city, the Kastro (Castle). Vandals drew swastikas also in some houses of the surrounding area.

The Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece expressed the Greek Jewry’s repudiation for this hideous act and urged the competent authorities to work for the arrest of the perpetrators as well as for the adequate protection of the Synagogue so as to contain such incidents that stain the image of the city of Ioannina.

Athens, September 12, 2016

Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece

Source: kis.gr

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Photo courtesy of Alekos Raptis, Ioannina 12/09/2016

 

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Photo courtesy of Alekos Raptis, Ioannina 12/09/2016

An example of how attacks against Jews are normalized in Ioannina

“This particular incident does not concern the typical neonazi crude antisemitism which we see every day in newstands all around Greece with titles like «Zionist plan to exterminate the White Race». On the contrary it offers the token condemnation of nazi murders but takes offense at every facet of Jewish existence. The pretext for this attack is the Holocaust Memorial planned for the city of Ioannina, a city in which faced multiple violent antisemitic acts in the past, albeit met with limited but nevertheless existent resistance by Christians.”

Abravanel, the Blog

Antisemitic articles are so abundant in the Greek Press that one could fill entire volumes with one-year’s output alone. But one would err, should he presume the mere abundance as proof of why Greece is the most antisemitic country in the western world. Instead the feature that sets Greece apart is how normalized and ubiquitous antisemitism is; or as Moses Altcheh says “it is embedded in the society”.

desecrated gravestone form KIS Antisemitic violence; the president of the community saw his own mother’s tomb vandalized and sprayed with animal blood

In an article by Kostas Kaltsis in the Proinos Logos newspaper, we have everything: rhetorical questions whether we should continue talking about the Holocaust, claims that many more Greek Christians died, that Jews do not care about Greek (Christian) deaths, of Jewish influence on how the world evolves, of the genocide of the Palestinians, of accusations of Jews…

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Ένα webdoc για τη Ρωμανιώτικη Εβραϊκή Κοινότητα των Ιωαννίνων / A webdoc about the Romaniotes Jews of Ioannina

Τον Οκτώβρη του περασμένου χρόνου αναδημοσιεύσαμε σ’ αυτό εδώ το ιστολόγιο ένα πολύ ενδιαφέρον άρθρο του Αλέκου Ράπτη για τον εορτασμό του Γιομ-Κιπούρ στα Γιάννενα (13 και 14 Σεπτεμβρίου). Με αφορμή αυτή τη γιορτή, γυρίστηκε κι ένα σύντομο webdoc παραγωγής ΑΠΕ-ΜΠΕ για την ιστορική Κοινότητα των Ρωμανιωτών. Μιλούν οι Μωυσής Ελισάφ, Στέλλα Κοέν και Αλέγκρα Μάτσα. Αξίζει να το δείτε.

Ioannina is the “capital” of the Romaniotes Jews and the center of the Greek-speaking Jewish world, whose roots are lost in time, reaching as far as the ancient Greek era. The Synagogue of Ioannina is one of the oldest and most historical buildings in Greece. During the Holocaust, the Jews of Ioannina paid a heavy toll. Today, only 50 remaining believers carry the tradition, history, the distinctive customs and rituals (via).

In the following webdoc produced and directed by Akis Stamatiadis on the Yom Kippur Day, Moisis Elisaf, Stella Cohen and Alegra Matsa explain briefly the history of the Romaniotes. This webdoc provides no english subtitles, but you can read the script in English here.

Ο Φίλιππας Φίλιος στα χνάρια του Γιάννη Μπουτάρη / Le maire de Janina (Grèce du Nord) veut attirer des touristes israéliens

  • Στην προηγούμενη ανάρτησή μας αναφερθήκαμε στην κριτική του Θύμιου Τζάλλα για τον τρόπο με τον οποίο η πόλη των Ιωαννίνων διαχειρίζεται την πολιτισμική της κληρονομιά. Από την άλλη, ωστόσο, διαπιστώνεται έντονη κινητικότητα στον τομέα των επαφών με το Ισραήλ με στόχο όχι μόνο την αύξηση των επισκεπτών στα Γιάννενα αλλά και την αδελφοποίηση της πόλης με την Τιβεριάδα. Οψόμεθα.
  • Philippas Philios est sans doute moins connu que Yannis Boutaris, le maire de Salonique, ville d’histoire et de tradition juives importantes (55 000 juifs avant guerre, exterminée à 90 % par les nazis). Yannis Boutaris a déjà réussi à attirer environ 40.000 touristes israéliens, selon la presse grecque. Philippas Philios a été élu maire de Janina en 2010 et il a compris, lui aussi, que sa ville, centre historique du judaïsme romaniote, pourrait également attirer des visiteurs juifs. Le 10 octobre 2011 a eu lieu une première rencontre à Janina entre le maire de la ville et Arye Mekel, l’ambassadeur d’Israël en Grèce, visant à amorcer la coopération entre Janina et l’ambassade d’Israël.

Με τον Πρέσβη του Ισραήλ Arye Mekel συναντήθηκε σήμερα [10-10-2011] o Δήμαρχος Ιωαννίνων Φίλιππας Φίλιος

Ο Arye Mekel, πρέσβης του Ισραήλ στην Ελλάδα / Arye Mekel, ambassadeur d'Israël en Grèce

Στη συνάντηση παραβρέθηκαν ο Πρόεδρος του Πνευματικού Κέντρου του Δήμου Μωυσής Ελισάφ και ο υπεύθυνος του τουριστικού τομέα Νίκος Γκόλας.

Η συνάντηση έγινε σε πολύ θερμό κλίμα και η συζήτηση επικεντρώθηκε στους τομείς συνεργασίας που μπορούν να αναπτυχθούν. Ο κ. Mekel μάλιστα μετέφερε στον Δήμαρχο επίσημη πρόσκληση από την Κυβέρνηση της χώρας του για να επισκεφθεί σύντομα το Ισραήλ.

Να σημειωθεί ότι στο Δήμο Ιωαννιτών έχει κατατεθεί πρόταση από τον Δήμο Τιβεριάδας για αδελφοποίηση των δύο περιοχών.

Ο δήμαρχος Ιωαννίνων Φίλιππας Φίλιος / Le maire de Janina, Philippas Philios. Πηγή/Source: http://epirusgate.blogspot.com/2011/01/blog-post_2470.html

«Η πόλη μας φιλοξενεί τον Πρέσβη του Ισραήλ. Κατά τη συνάντηση που είχαμε, μας δόθηκε η δυνατότητα να συζητήσουμε τις δυνατότητες συνεργασίας στον τουριστικό τομέα. Παράλληλα αναφερθήκαμε στην ανάγκη διατήρησης της Ρωμανιώτικης Εβραϊκής Κοινότητας των Ιωαννίνων, της πιο ιστορικής της χώρας μας», σημείωσε στις δηλώσεις του ο Δήμαρχος Φίλιππας Φίλιος και έκανε γνωστό ότι θα ακολουθήσει επίσκεψη στο Ισραήλ προκειμένου να συζητηθούν θέματα τουριστικής συνεργασίας.

«Ήρθα στα Γιάννινα για δύο βασικούς λόγους. Ο πρώτος ήταν να παραστώ στη γιορτή της Εβραικής Κοινότητας και ο δεύτερος να συναντηθώ με τον Δήμαρχο και να εξετάσουμε τους τομείς συνεργασίας. Η φετινή χρονιά ήταν η καλύτερη για τις σχέσεις των δύο χωρών, της Ελλάδας και του Ισραήλ. Διαπιστώνεται μεγάλη ανάπτυξη στον τουριστικό τομέα, καθώς πάνω από μισό εκατομμύριο συμπατριώτες μου επισκέφθηκαν την Ελλάδα. Πιστεύουμε ότι και κατά τη διάρκεια του χειμώνα, η περιοχή των Ιωαννίνων μπορεί να αποτελέσει ένα σημαντικό τουριστικό προορισμό», υπογράμμισε στις δηλώσεις του ο Ισραηλινός Πρέσβης.

Την πρόταση του Δήμου Ιωαννιτών για επιχειρηματική αποστολή στο Ισραήλ κατέθεσε στον διπλωμάτη ο υπεύθυνος του τουριστικού τομέα και δημοτικός σύμβουλος Νίκος Γκόλας.

«Η ανταπόκριση ήταν πολύ θετική. Ευελπιστούμε ότι η επιχειρηματική αποστολή θα γίνει σύντομα, καθώς το Ισραήλ ήταν για μας η πρώτη χώρα- στόχος. Κάτι ανάλογο σχεδιάζουμε να ακολουθήσει στην Κύπρο», τόνισε στις δηλώσεις του ο Δημοτικός Σύμβουλος Νίκος Γκόλας.

Πηγή: n-ioanninon.gr

A fascinating audio journey discussing the Greek Jewish experience in America

The Greek Jewish Synagogue and Museum of New York

Kehila Kedosha Janina Synagogue and Museum

 © Copyright-Rescue Media, Inc. (884501473224)

 Record Label: Kehila Kedosha Janina Synagogue and Museum

Join Museum Director Marcia Ikonomopoulous and 88.1 FM’s Richard Solomon through a fascinating audio journey discussing the Greek Jewish experience in America.

Located below Manhattan’s skyscrapers, just around the block from today’s Chinatown on the historic Lower East Side of New York City lies a hidden treasure few know about…

A 2,000-year-old culture virtually unknown, even to its neighbors. A tiny group. A minority within a minority. They are called Romaniotes. An obscure branch of Judaism, which few Jews have ever heard of, with traditions dating back to Roman times.

The founders of this community are the descendants of Jews who, after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 A.D., were sent on a slave ship to Rome. Instead, a storm forced them to land in Greece, where over the next 2,000 years, they developed uniquely different ethnic and religious customs adopting many local customs while maintaining their religious identity.

Today, all these years later, you can visit the only synagogue in the Western Hemisphere of this, obscure Jewish community. The Kehila Kedosha Janina Synagogue and Museum. Still operating in its original form since 1927.

The synagogue is open for Saturday services at 9:00 a.m. and on holidays.

The Museum is open from 11:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on Sundays, or please contact us if you wish to have a special appointment.

website: kkjsm.org

80 Broome Street

(off Allen St.)

New York, NY 10002

212-431-1619

CD Content:

  • Greek Jewish Genealogy and Research Tools
  • Family Names and their Origins
  • The Synagogue History

-founded in 1927 by Greek Speaking Jews

-The Brotherhood of Janina established in 1907

-The Pashas

  • The movie about the Community is called the “Last Greeks on Broome Street”
  • Greek Jewish Family Names and Nicknames
  • The Food!

‘’The Cookbook of the Jews of Greece” by Nicholas Stravoulakis

Everyday Foods

Greek Salad

Grape Leaves

Fish

Okra

Stuffed Vegetables

Holiday Foods

  • Home-made liquor: Raki and Ouzo
  • Desserts
  • Spices
  • Greek Coffee (not made with milk)

-telling fortunes from coffee grinds

  • Arranged Marriages
  • Occupations
  • The Journey to America
  • Janina Today
  • Athens and the Greek Jewish Museum of Greece
  • The Synagogue is a Landmark
  • Tours (including Lunch)

Download CD here or here.