Report: Anti-Semitism in Greece today


Via Heinrich Böll Stiftung, Greece


The report presents the results of two opinion surveys conducted in Greece, in June 2014 and January 2015, on the issue of antisemitism in the country. After a brief discussion on the meaning and origins of the phenomenon of antisemitism, the study presents an overview of its manifestations in the Greek society, in particular politics, the Church and the media. A detailed presentation of the findings of the two surveys follows, which measure antisemitic attitudes in the Greek society and correlate them with factors such as gender, age, political opinion, education, church affiliation but also trust, cosmopolitanism, belief in conspiracy theories and victimhood. The results confirm previous studies and assumptions that antisemitism in Greece is very high (around 70%), the highest percentage in Europe. The report ends with recommendations on how the government and the Greek society as a whole should act systematically against this scourge.

Authors: Giorgos Antoniou, Spyros Kosmidis, Elias Dinas and Leon Saltiel

The report is available only in Greek here.

Supporters of schismatic monks display antisemitic banner in Thessaloniki

Around 400 supporters of the schismatic Esfigmenou monastery on Mount Athos rallied in Thessaloniki to protest the recent conviction of the monastery prior and another monk to twenty years imprisonment each for construction, possession and usage of Molotov cocktails during an eviction of the order’s administrative offices in 2013.

The protesters displayed a huge antisemitic banner reading “Judeo-Masonry wages war on Greece and Orthodoxy.” [see photo below]


Antisemitic rally in Thessaloniki, 19/02/2017. Via

Earlier this month, protesters (zealots, football fans and Nazis) gathered outside Parliament in Athens to decry the conviction of the zealot monks chanting “Hands off the Orthodoxy” and “Jews out of Parliament.” [watch video below, 0’18’’] Golden Dawn MP Giannis Lagos was also part of the rally.

During a rally that took place at Athens’s Propylaia in February 2016, the excommunicated abbot of Esfigmenou monastery warned the Jews of a “Greek Hitler” that might come.

Footage shows Greek Nazis chanting ‘Sieg Heil’ & ‘Juden raus’


Screenshot via

Via AthensLive News & The Editors Daily

A video footage from 2005 has emerged showing nearly the entire Golden Dawn leadership (Michaloliakos, Kassidiaris, Panagiotaros, Germenis, Matthaiopoulos and others) participating in a concert featuring Nazi salutes, the Nazi German war flag & the singing of the first verse of “Deutschland über alles.”

The slogans chanted from the crowd are the classic hate cries of the Hitler movement and are shouted in German: “Sieg Heil!” and “Juden raus!” (Jews out). They are raised in honour of two German Nazi performers, Michael Müller and Annett Müller. As the crowd shouts “Juden raus” Michael Müller interrupts them to say, in English: “Not only out. But exterminated.”

More information

The footage appears on Marsia Tzivara’s documentary “Burning from the Inside.”

Greece: Antisemitic comments during popular morning show

Greek journalist Dimos Verykios recently made antisemitic comments during the morning show “Happy Day” of Alpha TV channel. More precisely, he stated (watch video below, 20’05”-20’57”):

“The world money is concentrated in three centers: they are actually dominating the planet. One center is the banks, the global banking system. Through this banking system, two main centers are ruling the game. One of these centers is the Jewish lobby, powerful, extremely powerful in America and elsewhere! In all big deals, one will meet a Jew! Or a mason!”

The Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece in a statement condemned Verykios’ antisemitic comments and demanded apology from the Greek reporter:

“We expect that he will realize his big mistake and apologize to the audience for the promotion of these unsubstantiated and false accusations, which do not inform at all the public but instead lead to misinformation and encourage anti-Semitism in Greece.”

Two days ago, Dimos Verykios denied on Twitter any “antisemitic intention” and claimed that he just said the “truth: The world money is owned by the banks-Jews-Masons”.


Greece: Imam rejoices over the recent fires in Israel – he then apologizes



A Muslim religious figure of Xanthi, Imam Erkan Azizoglou (of the village of Glafki) posted on his facebook account (December 4, 2016) hate anti-Semitic comments. The Imam wished for the fires that burst out in Israel not to be put out!  In response to the reaction caused by his statement and the comments posted on line (asking not to make parallels between the State and the people who live in it) the Imam debated that “All the Israelis are the same. They are all as a monster that is fed on blood”. With these hate comments, totally inappropriate for a religious leader, Erkan Azizoglou threatens peaceful coexistence among Greek citizens regardless of religion in this sensitive region. The Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece is always in alert to fight against anti-Semitic rhetoric expressed by any part.

Athens December 19, 2016

Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece


 – The apology of Imam Azizoglou on the website of the Racist Crimes Watch (Jan. 7.2017): On January 7, 2017, Imam Azizoglou posted an apology on the website of the Racist Crimes Watch (of the NGO Greek Helsinki Monitor). The Imam notified that he erased his comments from his facebook account and apologized to those offended. The comment also reads: “The legitimate condemnation of the Israeli policy towards the Palestinians should not include elements that offend the majority of the population of the country based on its ethnic and religious identity”.

Walls of Hate in Iraklion, Crete


Iraklion, January 2nd, 2017. Photo: Watch: Antisemitism in Europe. Scroll down for higher resolution.

Members of the “Watch:Antisemitism in Europe” project have found walls covered with hateful graffiti in central streets of Iraklion (Agiou Mina Str. & Dikeosinis Str.), the capital of the island of Crete.

The slogans may have been daubed by different individuals and they target the Americans (red writing, see photo above), the Pope, the Jehovah’s Witnesses & the LGBT people (the words “syko” meaning “fig” & “ftera” meaning “wings” are associated to “diavoloi” meaning “devils”). There are also references to the Athens Polytechnic uprising in 1973 and the Greek Communist Party (KKE). The Star of David has been painted along with an anarchist, a peace and a euro currency symbol. A Venus symbol has been painted in the Star of David. A Mercury symbol figures nearby.

It seems that nobody in Iraklion is disgusted until now by these messages of hate.



Iraklion, Dikeosinis Street, January 3rd 2017. Photo: Watch: Antisemitism in Europe


Παρουσίαση του βιβλίου “Εβραϊκές κοινότητες ανάμεσα σε Ανατολή και Δύση” / Book presentation: Jewish communities between East and West

Το Τμήμα Ιστορίας & Αρχαιολογίας του Πανεπιστημίου Ιωαννίνων, η Ισραηλιτική Κοινότητα Iωαννίνων και το Πνευματικό Κέντρο του Δήμου Ιωαννιτών σας προσκαλούν στην παρουσίαση του βιβλίου

Εβραϊκές κοινότητες ανάμεσα σε Ανατολή και Δύση, 15ος-20ός αιώνας: οικονομία, κοινωνία, πολιτική, πολιτισμός,

Πρακτικά διεθνούς συνεδρίου (Ιωάννινα, 21-23 Μαΐου 2015), εκδόσεις Ισνάφι, Ιωάννινα 2016

την Τετάρτη 11 Ιανουαρίου 2017, στις 8.00 μ.μ.στον Πολιτιστικό Πολυχώρο «Δ. Χατζής»

Χρήστος Σταυράκος, Πρόεδρος Τμήματος Ιστορίας & Αρχαιολογίας
Μωυσής Ελισάφ, Πρόεδρος Ισραηλιτικής Κοινότητας Ιωαννίνων

Λάμπρος Φλιτούρης, επίκ. καθηγητής ευρωπαϊκής ιστορίας Πανεπιστημίου Ιωαννίνων
Γιώργος Αντωνίου, επίκ. καθηγητής εβραϊκών σπουδών ΑΠΘ
Στέφανος Δημητρίου, αναπλ. καθηγητής πολιτικής φιλοσοφίας Πανεπιστημίου Ιωαννίνων
και οι επιμελήτριες του τόμου, Άννα Μαχαιρά και Λήδα Παπαστεφανάκη

Συντονιστής: Φιλήμων Καραμήτσος, δημοσιογράφος

[Via facebook]


Jewish communities between East and West, 15th-20th centuries: Economy, society, politics, culture, Anna Mahera – Leda Papastefanaki (eds.), preface Moses Elisaf, Proceedings of the International Conference (Ioannina, 21-23 May 2015), Department of History & Archaeology, University of Ioannina – Jewish Community of Ioannina, Isnafi Publications, Ioannina 2016, p. 382 [Greek and English texts, English abstracts]

The volume explores the multiple aspects of the history of the Jewish Communities (15th -20th centuries) in Europe, with an emphasis in the Mediterranean and the Balkans; it originated in the conference jointly organised by the Department of History & Archaeology of the University of Ioannina and the Jewish Community of Ioannina on 21-23 May 2015.

The contributors to the volume are: Fragiski Ampatzopoulou, Henriette-Rika Benveniste, Eleni Beze, Andreas Bouroutis, Philip Carabott, Iason Chandrinos, Anna Maria Droumpouki, Moses Elisaf, Hagen Fleischer, Maria Fragkou, Annette Fromm, Sakis Gekas, Eyal Ginio, Michal Govrin, Evanghelos Hekimoglou, Dimitris Kargiotis, Maria Kavala, Eleni Kourmantzi, Daphne Lappa, Anna Mahera, Anna Mandilara, Giorgos Margaritis, Leda Papastefanaki, Ioanna Pepelasis, Odette Varon-Vassard, Dimitrios Varvaritis, Stavros Zoumboulakis.



Μωυσής Ελισάφ, Πρόλογος

Άννα Μαχαιρά – Λήδα Παπαστεφανάκη, Εισαγωγή

Πολιτισμικές ταυτότητες των εβραϊκών κοινοτήτων
Henriette-Rika Benveniste, The idea of exile: Jewish accounts and the Historiography of Salonika revisited
Daphne Lappa, Cross-cultural Networks, Mobility, and Religious Conversion in the 18th-century Eastern Mediterranean
Annette B. Fromm, Why is it important? The Jewish Community of Ioannina
Φραγκίσκη Αμπατζοπούλου, Η ‟συκοφαντία αίματος” και οι Έλληνες συγγραφείς στο γύρισμα του 20ού αιώνα
Άννα Μαχαιρά, Μεταξύ αγοράς και πολιτικής: οι Εβραίοι της Γαλλίας πριν από την υπόθεση Dreyfus

Η εβραϊκή ταυτότητα στη λογοτεχνία
Ελένη Κουρμαντζή, Γιωσέφ Ελιγιά: Διανοούμενος και ποιητής της «διαμαρτυρίας»
Δημήτρης Καργιώτης, Άσμα Ασμάτων: Η υπόγεια παρέμβαση του Γιωσέφ Ελιγιά στο νεοελληνικό λογοτεχνικό κανόνα

Εβραϊκές κοινότητες στον ελλαδικό χώρο από τον 15ο στον 20ό αιώνα
Λήδα Παπαστεφανάκη, «Άνθρωποι ταπεινοί, φρόνιμοι, νοικοκυρεμένοι και καλοί οικογενειάρχες…». Προς μια κοινωνική ιστορία της Εβραϊκής Κοινότητας των Ιωαννίνων τον 20ό αιώνα
Evanghelos Hekimoglou, The religious filter in the history of the urban transformations; Sephardim in Thessalonica (15th-20th centuries)
Sakis Gekas, For better or for worse? A counter-narrative of Corfu Jewish history and the transition from the Ionian State to the Greek Kingdom (1815-1890s).
Eyal Ginio, Enduring the Shift from an Empire to a Nation-State: The Case of the Jewish Community of Kavala during the First Balkan War
Φίλιππος Κάραμποτ, Η εβραϊκή παρουσία στην Αθήνα του 19ου αιώνα: Από τον Μάξιμο Ρότσιλδ στην Ισραηλιτική Αδελφότητα

Επιχειρήσεις, δίκτυα, ανταγωνισμοί
Ανδρέας Μπουρούτης, Alliance Israelite εναντίον Deutsche Juden Hilvsverein
Ioanna Sapfo Pepelasis – Dimitrios Varvaritis, A New Perspective on Jewish Enterprising in Greece (1830-1929): Evidence from the founding charters of Joint Stock Companies and biographical material
Άννα Μανδυλαρά, Το ζήτημα των «ελληνικών» εταιρειών: ελληνικά και εβραϊκά δίκτυα ανάμεσα στην Οθωμανική αυτοκρατορία και τη Δυτική Ευρώπη κατά τον 19ο αιώνα

Κατοχή, Αντίσταση, Γενοκτονία των Εβραίων
Γιώργος Μαργαρίτης, Αντισημιτισμός: «τεχνικές» παράμετροι
Μαρία Φράγκου, Τα αντιφατικά όρια της ιταλικής πολιτικής: Οι Ιταλοί Εβραίοι στις κατεχόμενες ζώνες του Άξονα
Μαρία Καβάλα, Οι εκτελέσεις Εβραίων στη Θεσσαλονίκη στα χρόνια της Κατοχής. Πολιτική αντιποίνων και φυλετισμός
Odette Varon-Vassard, The enlisting of Greek Jews in the Resistance. Silence, memory and discourse
Ιάσονας Χανδρινός, «Οι Δίκαιοι του αντιφασισμού»: Το ΕAM και οι προσπάθειες διάσωσης των Ελλήνων Εβραίων, 1941-1944

Μνήμη και λόγοι για τη Γενοκτονία των Εβραίων
Σταύρος Ζουμπουλάκης, Χριστιανισμός και αντισημιτισμός πριν και μετά το Ολοκαύτωμα
Michal Govrin, What Is Memory? Seventy Years Later
Χάγκεν Φλάισερ – Άννα Μαρία Δρουμπούκη, Κλειώ και κλισέ: Η Γερμανία αντιμέτωπη με το «τηλεοπτικό Ολοκαύτωμα»
Ελένη Μπεζέ, Εβραίοι Αριστεροί και Σιωνιστές στη μεταπολεμική Ελλάδα. Αποκλίσεις και συγκλίσεις (1945-1951)

Πρόγραμμα του Συνεδρίου – Conference Programme

Attempt to destroy the monument at the Jewish cemetery in Thessaloniki

[English text: CFCA / source: Against Antisemitism blog]

In a post on Facebook, Mr Isaac Alhanati accuses vandals for making an attempt to destroy the monument at the Jewish cemetery in Thessaloniki (located at the Observatory Park of the Thessaloniki University). The photograph we publish with the permission of Mr. Alhanati shows severe damage caused to the menorah on the monument. The memorial has been vandalized in December 2014 – just weeks after the inauguration ceremony – with the slogan “Free Palestine”.


Photo courtesy of Isaac Alhanati, Thessaloniki, November 2016

The monument in memory of the old Jewish cemetery of Thessaloniki was unveiled on Sunday, November 9, 2014:



Hate crimes in Greece in 2015 – the OSCE / ODIHR report

2015hcdata2 [via]

Greece regularly reports hate crime data to ODIHR. Greece’s Criminal Code contains a general penalty-enhancement provision for hate crimes. The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights, the Public Prosecutor’s Office and the State Security headquarters of the Greek Police collect hate crime data.


The Greek Helsinki Monitor and the Racist Violence Reporting Network (RVRN) reported a physical assault and two incidents of vandalism targeting Jewish cemeteries. The Greek Helsinki Monitor, the RVRN, the Kantor Center and the European Centre for Democracy Development reported two additional incidents of vandalism in which Holocaust memorials were vandalized with graffiti, one of which was also reported by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL). The Kantor Center reported two additional incidents of graffiti.

Read more

Find the full data for 2015 here.

Also relevant:

Antisemitic banner at Syntagma Square, Athens

Athens – Supporters of The Greek Popular Association led by Artemis Sorras (Αρτέμης Σώρρας) gathered at Syntagma Square on Sunday and urged people “to sign for freedom.”

One of the signs had clear antisemitic content referring to “any Zionist ideology”, as opposed to “Greek values”. [via CFCA & Against Antisemitism blog]

The picture below shows a supporter in the middle wearing a banner which reads:

“The Greek Popular Association opposes fascism and any other kind of Zionist ideology and anything being against Greek values (freedom, justice, harmony etc.)”

The other two banners refer to the Sorras’ promise to single-handedly end Greece’s debt. [more]


Source: Photo credit: EUROKINISSI/Stelios Misinas

Also relevant: Antisemitic exclamations at an event on the Central Square of Ioannina (August 2016)