According to data sent by local District Attorneys’ Offices to the Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights, which was communicated to the FRA, few prosecutions are initiated per year in Greece for crimes covered by Law 927/1979, which refers to acts or activities aiming at racial discrimination.
Five cases pertaining to antisemitism were nevertheless recorded in 2010 and another three were recorded in 2011 (see the section on examples of antisemitic incidents for a description of these three cases).
Taken together, these eight cases concern arson, damage to property and aggravated damages against synagogues, Holocaust memorials or Jewish cemeteries. The damages include those caused by the fires, as well as antisemitic graffiti.
Examples of antisemitic incidents in Greece in 2011
During the night of 19 April 2011 in Corfu, unidentified perpetrators broke into the synagogue of the Jewish community and set fire to a number of items on its doorstep. The fire brigade was able to intervene to limit the damage.
During the night of 14 May 2011 in Volos, unidentified perpetrators painted antisemitic graffiti on the inside and outside walls and doors of the synagogue of the Jewish community.
On 18 June 2011 in Thessaloniki, the police were made aware of a press clipping reporting that the Holocaust memorial on Eleftheria Square had been desecrated with swastikas and slogans denigrating Jewish people. Upon being made aware of this, the police contacted the prosecutor, who initiated a case on the matter.
Although a suspect was arrested on 16 July 2011, he was acquitted of all charges on 20 July 2011.
Source: FRA (European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights), “Antisemitism, Summary overview of the situation in the European Union 2001-2011”